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En plus des zones touristiques de Mopti, Djenné, Pays Dogon, Tombouctou, Gao et Kidal, quelles autres zones souhaiterez-vous visiter au Mali?:
 

 

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HISTORY

Mali is a young republic but it is mainly a history country. Great empires and famous people followed each other in this part of West Africa. In the Kidal region, Neolithic remnants were found which testify traces of human presence in the 5th millennium B.C.

On the eve of our era, exchanges between the desert and the savanna developed, hence favoring the birth of cities like (Djenné-Jenno), the old Djenné in the heart of the central delta of the Niger river . The remnants of this city testify the existence of the oldest Sub-Saharan African civilization. Around the 4th century A.C, between the Niger and Senegal rivers, south of the Sahara, was born the Ghana Empire (the Ouagadou). Thanks to the trade of gold and salt, it had flourished until the end of the 11th C when it declined.

The Empire of Mali (the Mandé), which was founded in the 11thC was made up of small kingdoms and was unified by Soundiata Keita in the 13thC. It reached its climax in the 14thC under the reign of Kankou Moussa, then of his brother Mansa Souleymane. The trade of gold, copper, salt and fabric contributed to its power. The cities of Timbuktu, Djenné, Gao which were important exchange centers had shone with their commercial, artistic and intellectual richness up to the end of the 14thC.

The Songhai Empire, founded in the15thC by Sonni Ali Ber, gradually outshone the Empire of Mali and reached its climax under Askia Mohamed at the end of the15thC. The legendary wealth of the Empire in gold attracted the covetousness of its neighbors, the Moroccans who destroyed it almost entirely. The Tondibi battle in 1591 marked the end of the last of the Mali empires. In the 16thC, the old great empires were split into small kingdoms.

The Bambara Kingdom of Ségou, was founded around the end of the17thC. But the wars against the Macina Peulh Kingdom, then with the Toucouleur Empire accelerated its decline in the 19thC. Then started the colonial penetration, and from 1880 the French conquest which ended at the end of the 19thC in 1898. Mali became the French Soudan. The country proclaimed its independence on the 22nd of September under the prestigious name of Mali.

 

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Festival on the Niger (Ségou)  february 05-02-2011

The Festival on the Niger will hold from 1st to 6 february 2011 at Ségou (Mali) on the banks the river Niger. For the 7 times, this festival will offer a unique show, with the great teams and famous musical artists and traditional dancing...

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